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Logic

The Hard Problem of Consciousness and Multi-valued Logic

In this fourth part of the ongoing series on Multivalued logic, Aniruddha Singhal discusses many disciplines of science and mathematics and tells us that the same problem which is encountered by bivalued logic in describing the world is encountered by many disciplines. He also discusses the hard problem of consciousness which debates over which came first, matter or consciousness. Singhal proposes that looking at the problem from multivalued logic may solve the problem.

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Unity or Plurality: A Linguistic Perspective – 3

In this concluding part, Shri Gaurinath Shastri tells us what is the role of intuition in learning and expression. The poet’s vision is called pratibha, which has been described by Jagannatha as the spontaneous, immediate and unpremeditated presentation of appropriate thought and diction which give the utterances of the poet the distinctive stamp of aesthetic pre-eminence.

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Unity or Plurality: A Linguistic Perspective – 2

In this beautiful piece, author and great grammarian Shri Gaurinath Shastri explains that though the words do have individual meanings, in plurality they are incapable of conveying the complete meaning. a grammarian tries to drive home the point that the meaning is great than the sum of its parts and lies somewhere in the unity that is represented on one level by the grammatical structure.

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Vedantic or Trivalued System of Logic

This paper, the second in the series of articles on different systems of logic focuses on the Vedantic tri-valued system of logic and contrasts it to the western logic system. On the contrary eastern thought is embedded in trivalued frame of thought that is True, False and Mithya. The western logic system has binary mode of operation. There is no state in between two extremes.

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Two Systems of Logic – Aristotlean vs. Saptabhangi

In this article, Aniruddha Singhal discusses the basis of the foundation of the two logic systems: the Western Logic System and the Eastern Logic System. The Western Logic is based on Aristotle’s bivalued logic, while in the East, the greatest logician, the Great Mahavira gave us the multi-valued system. This paper discusses the foundations of this distinction.

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