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Seven Astonishing Ideas in Indian Cosmology

The Indian cosmology, with its expansive notion of the equivalence between the outer and inner, produced many original ideas. Imaginative …

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The Significance of 108 in Indian Cosmology

I ultimately found the answer to the mystery of these numbers while researching early astronomy. I discovered that the Indians correctly estimated this to be the distance between the Earth and the in Sun-diameter units, and the distance between the Earth and the Moon in Moon-diameter units.

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The Hard Problem of Consciousness and Multi-valued Logic

In this fourth part of the ongoing series on Multivalued logic, Aniruddha Singhal discusses many disciplines of science and mathematics and tells us that the same problem which is encountered by bivalued logic in describing the world is encountered by many disciplines. He also discusses the hard problem of consciousness which debates over which came first, matter or consciousness. Singhal proposes that looking at the problem from multivalued logic may solve the problem.

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How Paradoxes Result from a Bi-valued System of Logic

In this third installment of the series on differences between bi-valued logic and multi-valued logic, Aniruddha Singhal in this piece describes how all the paradoxes of science today, like the paradox of Shroedinger's cat, can be resolved if they are seen in the framework of multi-valued system of logic, rather than the bi-valued system of logic. The author forcefully argues that the paradoxes do not represent a fault in reality, but a fault in human understanding. That is what we have to correct.

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Pandemics: It all depends on Human Behavior!

This article is taken from the concluding lines of Spillover: Animal Infections and the Next Human Pandemic by David Quammen. It talks about the human fault with the modern pandemics. Pandemics have always been with the human beings, but the way humans are living now is also greatly responsible for increasing the chances of the pandemics, and making a local endemic disease into a global pandemic.

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Two Systems of Logic – Aristotlean vs. Saptabhangi

In this article, Aniruddha Singhal discusses the basis of the foundation of the two logic systems: the Western Logic System and the Eastern Logic System. The Western Logic is based on Aristotle’s bivalued logic, while in the East, the greatest logician, the Great Mahavira gave us the multi-valued system. This paper discusses the foundations of this distinction.

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Matter or Consciousness – What Came First?

In this article, Shri Anirvan discusses the theory of material evolution that is prevalent in the modern world and he charts out how the spiritual evolution of man is different from this and one should not fall in the trap of explaining everything with the idea of Evolution.

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